MiddleSchoolPortal/ENCdl Education Issues Subject List

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In 2004, the Eisenhower National Clearinghouse began the development of a K-12 education issues subject thesaurus. The goal of the project was to create a standard digital library metadata classification system for K-12 learning objects that support educators' development and refinement of their practices. The thesaurus evolved from a list of terms that had been culled from the ENC mathematics and science vocabularies. The ENCdl Education Issues Subject List is a working vocabulary that is educationally correct and will serve the resource discovery needs of K-12 educators.

Subject Terms, Level 0 Subject Terms, Level 1 Subject Terms, Level 2 Scope Notes Equivalent and/or Related Terms
Education Issues Subjects on this list are to be used when the resource is ABOUT the topic. If the resource is about a topic, or if it is for the benefit of a special student population, assign that student population to the resource.
Achievement This resource is about success and reaching high-learning goals. It could include programs and case studies. It should not be attached to resources that are state or national standards.
Assessment of students Rubrics, Portfolios, High Stakes Testing
Classroom Management Learning Environment
Community Involvement
Competitions Math Olympiad, Science Olympiad, Science Fairs
Cultural Awareness These resources are about why cultural awareness should be used and how it can be implemented
Curriculum Content intended to be taught, Frameworks, State Standards, National Standards. An example would be the National Science Education Standards handbook or the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics handbook.
Educational Research These resource are about educational research or how to do researchAction research, Lesson study
Equity Unfairness in the deliver of education; overcoming equalities; equal opportunities for different genders, races, etc.
Inclusion The would be used to describe resources about placing disabled student in the least restrictive environment (LRE) with their non-disabled classmates
Informal Education After-School Programs, Observatories, Aquariums, Amusement Parks, Botanical Gardens, Camps, Field Trips, National Parks, Museums, Outdoor Education, Parks, Planetariums, Youth Organizations, Zoos
Inquiry Learning
Instructional Materials This includes resources that describe how to evaluate curriculum
Integrating Technology Examples would be how to use calculators or how to use probe-ware
Learning Theory Concept Mapping, Constructivism, Alternative Theory, Learning Styles
Math Anxiety
Parent Involvement Caregiver involvement, Parents, Foster Family
Professional Development These resources are about how to design an experiment, how to execute it, how to develop leadership Quality teachers, Advance Knowledge, Mentoring, Leadership, Summer Learning Experiences, Teacher Internships, Teacher Evaluations
School Improvement Reform, Educational Improvement
Science Safety Laboratory Safety, Precautions with handling animals
Student Populations Assign these populations if the resource is about them or if the resource benefits them
African Americans
Asian Americans
Early Childhood
Emotionally Challenged
English as a second language (ESL)
Gifted and talented
Home Schoolers
Low Socioeconomic Status
Mentally Challenged
Middle School
Native Americans
Physically Challenged Visually Impaired, Blind, Hearing Impaired, Deaf
Rural Dweller
Urban Dweller
Teacher Content Knowledge This is about knowledge. This is not about the resource such a genetics or algebra textbook.
Teacher Preparation Preservice Teachers, Alternative Certification
Teaching Strategies This term relates to application within the classroom Cooperative learning, Hands-on learning, Reading across the curriculum, Writing across the curriculum, Teaching with literature, Questioning techniques, Learning cycle, KWL, Peer to peer mentoring, Conceptual change, Discrepant events, Multicultural approaches


The ENCdl Education Issues Subject List work was funded through NSF NSDL Grant Number DUE 128632, Developing a National Digital Library Science Metadata Schema, as a supplement to the National Digital Library for Undergraduate Science, Mathematics and Technology Education Teacher Preparation and Professional Development Digital Library Project, NSF NSDL Grant Number DUE 008534 and the Eisenhower National Clearinghouse, U.S. Department of Education, Contract No. RJ97071001. The ideas and opinions expressed here do not necessarily reflect the positions or policies of the National Science Foundation or the U.S. Department of Education.


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Reprinted/Modified from ENCdl Education Issues subject list, version 1.0. Retrieved [insert date], from NSDL Middle School Portal: ENCdl Education Issues Subject List. Copyright The Ohio State University.